14 mar. 2017

4ºESO GREAT DEPRESSION & TOTALITARISMS


  

ÍNDICE: EL PERÍODO DE ENTREGUERRAS 1919-39
A. LA REVOLUCIÓN RUSA ya vista!
B. LA CRISIS EC DE 1929
B.1. LOS FELICES AÑOS 20
1. Contexto de posguerra 2. American Way of Life 3. La crisis de Sobreproducción
B.2. EL CRACK BURSÁTIL
1. El Crack de Wall Street 2. Solución: el New Deal
C. NUEVAS IDEOLOGÍAS: LOS TOTALITARISMOS rasgos en común
C.1. EL NAZISMO ALEMÁN
1. La República de Weimar 2. El ascenso al poder de Hitler 3. El III Reich
C.2. EL FASCISMO ITALIANO
1. La Monarquía de Víctor Manuel III 2. El ascenso al poder de Mussolini  3. La Dictadura  
C.3. EL STALINISMO

REPASO LEARNINGAPPS
GREAT DEPRESSION
               
   
B.1. LOS FELICES AÑOS 20 EN EEUU
1. CONTEXTO DE POSTGUERRA vosotros.
2. AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE, AÑOS DE PROSPERIDAD
- Base: Consumismo (consumo de masas) resultado del nuevo sistema producción industrial: _____________, que consiste en ______________________________________ y los nuevos sistemas de financiación.
- Este Consumismo se refleja en el crecimiento de la Bolsa de Valores, que es ______________
_______________________. Los empresarios y trabajadores que están obteniendo beneficios (incluso si no tienen, pues ________) demandan ____________ donde invertir su capital, cuyo valor sube constantemente y se crea la ________________: las acciones tienen un alto valor (por la demanda) que no se corresponde con la __________. VIDEOS
3. LA CRISIS DE SOBREPRODUCCIÓN
- Tanto en el campo como en la ciudad, se desequilibra la oferta-demanda: ya que ambas _______________ de lo que Europa demanda, pues comienza a recuperarse.
- Da lugar a una superproducción agrícola e industrial. Hace que los precios ______, por lo tanto también la _____________________de los obreros y campesinos. Muchos emigran a la ciudad (donde no se ve mejorada su calidad de vida) y muchos se quedan en _______.
- Los empresarios también se resienten de esta caída de la ___________.
B.2. EL CRACK BURSÁTIL
1. El Crack de Wall Street 
- Ante la subida constante del _______ de las acciones (valen más que en la _____), los accionistas se dan cuenta y temen perder dinero, reaccionan vendiendo sus acciones:
- 24 octubre ___________ de la Bolsa de NY, salen a la venta un alto número de acciones, pero no se venden. Se desequilibra la oferta-_______, baja el valor de las acciones: Crack bursátil.
- 29 octubre ___________ tras comprar acciones el Estado para animar la compra, nueva caída de la Bolsa de NY.
- Consecuencias: Bolsas am --  Bancos am --  Europa --  colonias --  mundial -- "LA GRAN DEPRESIÓN"
2. Solución: el New Deal 1933
- Def: "Nuevo trato-reparto" es un plan de recuperación ec que defiende la intervención estatal, por el teórico Keynes e implantado por ____________.
- Medidas: Ayuda a empresas y agricultura / creación de empresas públicas (incentiva la creación de privadas) / numerosas _____________ para crear empleo (Mayor capacidad adquisitiva de los trabajadores  con menos horas laborales y mayor salario) para que __________.
- Resultados + pero _______ pues la recuperación fue parcial, la total mejoría vendrá con la IIGM (pp potencia ec)
    


1. The Roaring Twenties. Here you are some questions about this crazy decade, click on the women of the 20's and answer them:
http://www.1920-30.com/
a. Automobiles. Which was the model of automobile that released the old model T? Write its advantages.
b. Aviation. Who were the first pilots after the WWI?
c. Dance. Why were the waltz and the tango considered scandalous dances? Who were the flappers?
d. Food. What did the refrigeration make possible?
e. Music. Where would you have seen if you have gone to Broadway?
f. Prohibition. What did the Prohibition ban? Who was Al Capone?
g. Movies. Which is the first talking movie? Tell me the names of the most famous actors of this era. 
 TRY TO DANCE THIS CRAZY WAY!!





2. GANGSTERS. Click on the picture, Luciano and Capone were some of the most important bosses of the American Mafia. Click on Luciano and answer these questions:
http://www.gcsehistory.org.uk/modernworld/usa/prohibitionandgangsters.htm

a. Why did Prohibition fall? b. Gangs made also money out doing others business. Tell me them.
c. What were the bad effects of drink?
4. THE WALL STREET CRASH. Read this text and answer the questions. 
The good times came to an end in 1929, when thousands of people were ruined in a financial disaster known as the Wall Street Crash. During the 1920s, many Americans had bought shares in business, hoping to make money by selling them later at a higher price. But in october share prices began to fall. People panicked and started selling their shares. This made prices drop even lower, until the shares were almost worthless. The disaster is known as the Wall Street Crash because Wall Street is the home of the New York Stock Exchange, where shares are bought and sold. After the Wall Street Crash, banks and businesses failed, and millions of people lost their jobs. Thousands of families lost their jobs. Thousands of families lost their homes as well, because they couldn't afford to pay the rent. It lasted for most of the 1930s and affected countries all over the world. 
a. What was the main cause of the Wall Street Crash?
b. What is the Great Depression?  


TOTALITARISMS

C. NUEVAS IDEOLOGÍAS: LOS TOTALITARISMOS rasgos en común
CAUSAS
- Crisis ec-soc-moral de la Posguerra
- Temor a la expansión del Comunismo desde la URSS
- la Gran Depresión
- Revanchismo de los perdedores de la IGM "Diktat"
-- Se ve culpable al sistema democrático -- cobra fuerza el Autoritarismo totalitario.
RASGOS EN COMÚN
- POLÍTICOS
* Existe un Estado totalitario (todo para y controlado por el Estado, omnipresente)
* Rechazo de la Democracia, inútil (no _______, no derechos naturales...)
*Rechazo del Comunismo, no quieren igual ni propiedad colectiva.
*Exaltación del Líder (se le rinde culto, en Alem _____, en Italia _______, en España ___________)
- SOCIALES
*No existe la igualdad, la sociedad se divide en _______ organiza y ordena -_______ trabaja y obedece.
*La sociedad se controla mediante la propaganda, censura y ______ (Juventudes Hitlerianas) y mediante el Terror: SS, OVRA, __________
- IDEOLÓGICOS
*Defensa de lo irracional (obediencia ciega) y de la venganza-revancha.
*Creación de una simbología en común que los une: cruz gamada, ______, uniformes ______, águila imperial...
*Defensa de su nación y raza, (Tª selección natural de _____), que necesita hacerse con amplios territorios para conseguir su ________.
*Defensa de la violencia y la ______ pues hará que triunfen los mejores.








Remembering Stalinism... "227 Order" and one of Lenin "creations"... the GULAGS: Click on the concentration camp and choose three events that you consider important and tell me why.




1.Who tried to start a revolution in Germany?  2. What did Hitler do being in prison?

3. How many German unemployed workers were after 1929?  4. What happened in 1934?




1. CHANGES IN CENTRAL EUROPE IN THE 30'S. Click on this map to see an interactive map of the German expansion.
 


Fascism used propaganda to manipulate the people. They did everything to glorify the party state, and leader. Mussolini as Il Duce tried to glorify Italy and return it to its once proud state as the Roman Empire. One example of Mussolini’s propaganda can be seen in the fascist Decalogue:
1. Remember that those who fell for the empire march at the head of your columns.
2. Your comrade is your brother. He lives with you, thinks with you, and is at your side in battle.
3. Service to Italy can be paid with toil and also with blood.
4. The enemy of fascism is your enemy. Give them no quarter.
5. Discipline is the sunshine of the armies. It prepares and illuminates your victory.
6. He who advances to the attack with decision has victory in his grasp.
7. Conscious and complete obedience is the virtue of the Legionary.
8. There does not exist things important and things unimportant. There is only duty
9. The fascist revolution has depended on the past and still depends of the bayonets of its legions.
10. Mussolini is always right.
C.2. EL NAZISMO ALEMÁN
1. LA REPÚBLICA DE WEIMAR: creada tras la abdicación del _____  (Guillermo II):
- Es una República ______, con un presidente (_____) y un canciller (poder ejecutivo)
- Aceptó el _______, por lo que perdió territorios, pagó reparaciones, se desarmó…
- Fue incapaz de resolver la ________________: falta de trabajo (paro y miseria), y profunda crisis económica (agravada por las deudas y el pago de reparaciones)
- Surge una doble oposición: de izquierda- comunista (obreros) y de derecha extrema (nazis)
2. EL ASCENSO AL PODER
- 1920 funda el NSDAP (________): Es un partido político que defiende el Nacionalismo revanchista y el uso de la _________. Está en contra del ___________(diktat), por lo que tiene apoyo popular.  Hitler se convierte en el ______ del NSDAP y crea las SA (___________) y la simbología nazi (ej. _________)
- 1923 PÜTSCH DE MÜNICH (_______): Hitler en prisión, donde escribe _____, ideas:
Rechazo de la democracia y del _______, superioridad de la ________ y antisemitismo, exaltación del _______ y defensa de la creación de un _________.
3. EL III REICH
- 1929 la crisis ec. Provoca descontentos que bien apoyan al ______ o al ________.
- 1933 tras elecciones Hitler es ________ y comparte poder con el presidente ______. Se produce el Incendio del _______, los nazis culpan a los _____ (Hitler se ve obligado a tomar medidas duras: elimina pluripartidismo, restaura la pena de muerte…)
- 1934 muere _______. Hitler asume todo el poder e inicia su _________ “III REICH”. Instrumentos:
Control militar (Gestapo, ______, campos de concentración*…) y control social (propaganda de Goebbels, educación ____________...) VIDEO
4. AUTARQUÍA Y REARME: en página 161!
C.2. EL FASCISMO ITALIANO... ficha
C.3. EL STALINISMO... ya dado     

KRISTALLNACHT...
 
*Pincha si quieres hacer un REPASO! 
Nazi aggression and appeasement:
3. THE RISE OF TOTALITARISMS. Fill the gaps!
After the ________, many countries in Europe faced huge problems. Governments had very little money because they had spent so much on ________ for the war. Lost of people were out of work, and there was not enough _______ for everyone. People began to think that these problems needed drastic new solutions.
THE FIRST FASCIST. In Italy, the problems were particularly bad. Many people turned to _____________, the leader of the Fascist Party. He became prime minister of Italy in 1922. Soon, he banned all other _______________ and took complete control of the country. This way of ruling is known as Fascism.
NAZISM. After WWI, many Germans felt angry and ___________ by the Treaty of Versailles, and they blamed their ________________ for agreeing to it. In 1929, Germany was hit by the _______ __________. Millions of Germans lost their jobs, but the government did nothing to help. People became desperate, and some turned to the ___________, led by _______________. He persuaded people that their problems were caused by foreigners, especially ______. He believed that the Germans were superior to other races, and said he would make Germany ___________ again. He promised strong leadership, _______ for everyone and end to poverty. In ________ Hitler became chancellor and he persuaded the Reichstag to give him complete ____________ of the country. He banned all political parties except the Nazi Party. He took control of all newspapers and radio, and forced _________ and universities to teach Nazi ideas. Anyone who disagreed with the Nazis was _______________ by the secret police, which was called the __________. 

5. IMAGINE A DIFFERENT HISTORY...
Watch the end of the film "The Great Dictator" by Charles Chaplin, pay attention to what he says and send me a summary telling me how different History could have been!!





- The Roaring twenties
- F. Roosevelt
- The New Deal
-The Prohibition ban
- The Wall Street Crash
- Black Thursday -Tuesday
- The Great Depression
- Dictatorship
- Fascism
- Nazism
- A. Hitler
- B. Mussolini
-W. Churchill
- Diktat
- Revolution of 1905   
- The Duma
- Mensheviks
- Bolsheviks
- Lenin
- Stalin
- The USRR (Soviet Union)

INTERWAR PERIOD PROJECT
In groups of 4 you are going to perform some historical events from this unit. For each team there will be a topic. You will post your work in the padlet below.
  
Marks: you can add from 0.1 to 0.5 points to your final mark. 
Deadline: 12th of march
Conditions. Make sure to show:
- Knowledge of the topic without reading
- All the members of the team must play a role in your performance
- Your video has to last at least 4-5 minutes
- You have to explain the real events
- The presentation must be visually attractive. Include historical pictures related to your event.
- Don't forget to include an introduction, a proper end and some outtakes.
The topics are:
1. The Russian revolution:
*Tzarism - Aarón, Carlos, David y Mario.
*Feb-oct rev - Alejandro G, Malagón, Gonzalo, Iago y Alejandro S.
2. The Roaring twenties
4A - Victoria, Marta, Ana y Mónica
4B - Humi, Malu, Natalia y Lucía P.
3. The Great depression
4A - Paula, Sara, Vicky y Carmen B.
4B - Alfonso, Celia, Iván y Kelly.
4. The Nazism
4A - Carlos, Álvaro, Dani y Sami
4B - Lucía, Carolina, Elena y Macarena
5. The Fascism
4A - Álvaro, Andrea, Iván y Raúl.
4B - Manuel, Miguel, Cristóbal y Pablo
6. The Stalinism   
4A - Ainhoa, Pedro, Manuel y Luis
4B - Eva, Claudia, María y Tania

Hecho con Padlet

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