2 nov. 2016

WATER FORMS 1º ESO

ÍNDICE T.3. LA HIDROSFERA  Intro: El ciclo del agua
A. LOS TIPOS DE AGUA
A.1. SALADA: Oceános y mares  A.2. DULCE: Lagos y ríos
B. LOS MOVIMIENTOS DEL AGUA DEL MAR/OCEÁNO
B.1. Las Olas  B.2. Las Mareas  B.3. Las Corrientes Marinas
C. LAS AGUAS DEL PLANETA
C.1. Por continentes  C.2. Península Ibérica

LINK FOR LANDFORMS/WATER FORMS PROJECT!!

Click here to see the definitions for the PROJECT / EXTENDED VERSION

1. See an animated diagram of the "Water Cycle"! Then read  this text and complete this picture, drawing it on your notebook.
The water cycle. It is the continuous circling of water between the sea, atmosphere and land.
1. Evaporation. Water in the sea and lakes is heated by the sun's rays. It evaporates, becomes water vapour and rises into the atmosphere.
1. Transpiration. Water vapour from the leaves of trees and plants rises into the atmosphere.
2. Condensation. Air cools as it rises and water vapour condenses to form clouds of small water droplets.
3. Saturation
4. Precipitation (Rainfall) Clouds get full of water and, when it gets cold, rain star to fall. 80% of precipitation falls directly into the sea. Rivers carry the water that comes from the rain into the sea.
5. Filtration. Some of the rain goes into the ground, it is called aquifers

2. MAKE SURE YOU KNOW WHAT IS THE WATER CYCLE.
- Do you know it? Are you sure? Let me see...click on this.

WORKBOOK P.14
WATER FORMS AND RIVER LANDFORMS
- Three quarters of Earth's surface is water. It can be saline water or freshwater.
WHAT ARE THE MAIN WATER FORMS?
- GLACIERS are large masses of ice that move slowly over a mountain valley. Glacier is the largest reservoir of freshwater on Earth.
- OCEANS are large bodies of salt water and there are five: __________.
- SEAS are smaller bodies of salt water than oceans and they are near of a continent. Ex. the Mediterranean sea.
- LAKES are small bodies of freshwater surrounded by land. Ex. the Great Lakes in America.
- RIVERS are freshwater bodies that flow towards the sea, ocean, lake or another river. Parts os a river:
1. SOURCE: where the river begins, in mountains.
2. MOUTH: where the river flows into the sea or ocean.
3. CHANNEL: where the river flows.
4. TRIBUTARIES: smaller streams that join the main river.
HOW DO RIVERS CHANGE THE LANDSCAPE?
Rivers flow in linear forms called VALLEYS, they change as they reach the sea. Courses of a river:
- THE UPPER COURSE: the river is steep, so water flows with energy and removes rocks and soil: EROSION.
LANDFORMS: canyons or V-shaped valleys. Waterfalls.
- THE MIDDLE COURSE: the river is lower and slower, it carries the erored materials: TRANSPORTATION.
LANDFORMS: valleys and meanders (curves of the river)
- THE LOWER COURSE: the river flows very slowly, it deposits the material: DEPOSITION.
LANDFORMS: deltas.

LAS PRINCIPALES UNIDADES DE AGUA DEL MUNDO
ASIA
RÍOS: Yangtsé (Azul), Ganges, Tigris, Éufrates.
LAGOS: Baikal.
MARES: Caspio, Aral.
ÁFRICA
RÍOS: Nilo, Orange, Congo, Níger.
LAGOS: Victoria.
MARES: Rojo.
AMÉRICA
RÍOS: Mississipi, Amazonas, Paraná.
LAGOS: Grandes Lagos, Titicaca.
MARES: Caribe.
EUROPA
RÍOS: Rhin, Sena, Ródano, Tíber, Danubio, Volga.
LAGOS: Ladoga.
MARES: Báltico, del Norte, Cantábrico, Mediterráneo, Negro.

RÍOS DE ESPAÑA
A.- VERTIENTE MEDITERRÁNEA: Ebro, Júcar, Turia y Segura
B.- V. ATLÁNTICA: Guadalquivir, Tinto, Odiel, Guadiana, Tajo, Duero y Miño.
C.- V. CANTÁBRICA: Nalón, Nervión y Bidasoa.


3. Check what you know about Rivers. Try to do the quiz clicking on the kids!http://www.channel4learning.com/apps26/learning/microsites/E/essentials/geography/units/quiz.jsp?unit=Rivers&unitShortName=rivers
REPASOOOOOOOOOOSSS
LOCALIZA EN EL MAPA los principales ríos de la Península Ibérica.

Mapa físico de España mudo
Match the definitions with the right word:
Delta                valley                mouth                             river               lake                  glacier  
source              Tributary          ocean                  strait             sea

1- A low place between mountains
2- A stream or river that flows into a larger river.
3- A narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
4- The beginning of a river
5- A large body of salt water that is often connected to an ocean.
6- A large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean.
7- A small body of water surrounded by land.
8- A slow moving river of ice
9- Where a river meets the sea or ocean

10- A low, watery land formed at the mouth of a river. 

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